Atomic Accidents

Author: James Mahaffey
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1480447749
Size: 64.51 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7525
A “delightfully astute” and “entertaining” history of the mishaps and meltdowns that have marked the path of scientific progress (Kirkus Reviews, starred review). Radiation: What could go wrong? In short, plenty. From Marie Curie carrying around a vial of radium salt because she liked the pretty blue glow to the large-scale disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima, dating back to the late nineteenth century, nuclear science has had a rich history of innovative exploration and discovery, coupled with mistakes, accidents, and downright disasters. In this lively book, long-time advocate of continued nuclear research and nuclear energy James Mahaffey looks at each incident in turn and analyzes what happened and why, often discovering where scientists went wrong when analyzing past meltdowns. Every incident, while taking its toll, has led to new understanding of the mighty atom—and the fascinating frontier of science that still holds both incredible risk and great promise.

Atomic Accidents By James Mahaffey A 30 Minute Instaread Summary

Author: Instaread Summaries
Publisher: Instaread Summaries
Size: 30.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2176
PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary of the book and NOT the original book. Atomic Accidents by James Mahaffey - A 30-minute Instaread Summary Inside this Instaread Summary: • Overview of the entire book • Introduction to the important people in the book • Summary and analysis of all the chapters in the book • Key Takeaways of the book • A Reader's Perspective Preview of this summary: Introduction Water in the form of steam has always intrigued and terrified people. Steam locomotives were fascinating in their heyday. They tended to explode, crash into each other and run off the rails. Some people were so afraid of this technology, they would not ride trains. However, everyone seemed to love watching staged train crashes. This entertainment was popular from the 1890s until the 1930s. One impresario of the staged crash was William “Bill” Crush, an agent for a Texas railroad. Forty thousand people witnessed his first crash staged near Waco in 1896. Crush knew little about the mechanics of steam engines, but insisted his hundred-mile-an-hour crash would be safe. He was wrong. The resulting boiler explosion killed three and injured six. Another promoter, “Head-On” Joe Connelly, was more successful. He staged seventy-three crashes without killing anyone. Unlike Crush, he knew he had to keep the train speed down and hold spectators back. The last staged crash of this type was in 1935. The fear of steam explosions never left the public’s mind. When engineers began developing nuclear power, they believed that steam explosions were the major challenge to safety. Although other methods were investigated, boiling water was, and still is, the cheapest and most reliable way to collect energy produced at a power plant. Therefore, it was not a challenge that could be worked around when designing a nuclear power plant. Additionally, steam from a nuclear plant accident can spread radiation. In fact, during the Cold War, public fear of radiation was more intense than fear of steam locomotives ever was. Chapter 1 In November 1879, three hunters in the Ozarks found a cave filled with a weird vein of silvery-blue metal. They had to flee when they became dizzy, disoriented and short of breath. One of the hunters, Billy Henry, broke out in strange sores. He recovered and the story was forgotten. In Europe, neon lights and X-rays were discovered as scientists unraveled the mysteries of the atom. Radiology was discovered in the United States by Nikola Tesla, but he did not pursue practical applications, so Wilhelm Rontgen of Germany got the honor of introducing radiology to the world. Tesla decided to take another look and stuck his head in an X-ray beam for science. He developed blisters and other wounds. He advised everyone to avoid radiation...

Historical Dictionary Of Environmentalism

Author: Peter Dauvergne
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442269618
Size: 77.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 973
This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on important events, issues, organizations, ideas, and people shaping the direction of environmentalism worldwide.

Japanese Contemporary Politics

Author: Akio Igarashi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351227882
Size: 61.27 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4646
In the postwar period, Japanese politics has evolved considerably, with issues of gender, representation, and household economics becoming increasingly salient. Meanwhile, since the end of the Cold War, Japan has joined other developed states in the process of decentralization and deindustrialization. Yet, its restructuring has come at a slower pace, as the Japanese bureaucracy attempts to retain a more traditional approach. This book, a translated and updated version of the author's 2010 monograph Nihon seijiron, traces these developments in Japanese politics from the end of the Asia Pacific wars to the present day. Examining each of the key stages of transition, it looks at four aspects of Japanese politics: high politics, interest-centered politics, life-centered politics, and globalization. It also provides up-to-date analysis of contemporary themes, including the Abe administration’s challenge to international politics and coverage of nuclear issues. Written by an experienced Japanese scholar, this book ultimately demonstrates how globalization has transformed the nature of local politics, as well as national security. However, as seen in the recent triple disaster of 2011 (a chapter on which has been added), Japanese politics retains traditional practices that have led to corruption, scandal, and political mistrust among the electorate. Offering a comprehensive introduction to Japanese politics, this book will be invaluable reading for students and scholars of Japanese politics and comparative and Asia politics in general.

A History Of The Atomic Space Age And Its Implications For The Future

Author: Willis L. Shirk
Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing
ISBN: 145756145X
Size: 30.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6432
The Atomic Space Age has been and continues to be an engine for future wealth creation. Humanity stands on the verge of becoming an interplanetary species. We know we are made of star-stuff precisely because many of the isotopes in our bodies originated in the death throes of dying suns. With the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938, mankind was for the first time able to glimpse both our distant past and our possible future. As with the discovery of fire and agriculture thousands of years ago, wind power hundreds of years ago, and steam power and electricity in the nineteenth century, we must now learn to tame this powerful new force locked within the heart of the atom. Buckminster Fuller once observed that wealth is nothing more than energy compounded by ingenuity. Since (mass-)energy can never decrease, and ingenuity will only increase, there is no limit to the quantity of wealth that our species can and will create using nuclear space propulsion.

The Chernobyl Disaster

Author: 50 MINUTES
ISBN: 2806279208
Size: 24.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2947
Keen to learn but short on time? Get to grips with the history of the Chernobyl disaster in next to no time with this concise guide. provides a clear and engaging analysis of the Chernobyl disaster. When a reactor exploded at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in April 1986, nobody could have known just how devastating the effects would be. Thousands of people died as a result of the catastrophe and even today the surrounding areas are considered uninhabitable. But what makes Chernobyl even more shocking is the mystery that clouds it. The government’s attempts to cover up the accident and the unknown long term-effects of radiation mean that the story of Chernobyl is far from finished. In just 50 minutes you will: • Learn what happened at the Chernobyl nuclear plant and why the reactor exploded • Understand why the disaster had such catastrophic effects in Ukraine and the surrounding areas • Analyse the actions of the employees and the government and learn how they tried to hide the truth about the accident ABOUT 50MINUTES.COM | History & Culture 50MINUTES.COM will enable you to quickly understand the main events, people, conflicts and discoveries from world history that have shaped the world we live in today. Our publications present the key information on a wide variety of topics in a quick and accessible way that is guaranteed to save you time on your journey of discovery.

The Prometheus Bomb

Author: Neil J. Sullivan
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 1612348157
Size: 61.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4262
"The exploration of how key government officials were unaware of the implications of developing the first atomic bomb during World War II, leaving the lives of millions of Americans in the hands of a few brilliant scientists"--

Strange Glow

Author: Timothy J. Jorgensen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400880521
Size: 32.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 3269
More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power plants. But how much do we really know about radiation? And what are its actual dangers? An accessible blend of narrative history and science, Strange Glow describes mankind's extraordinary, thorny relationship with radiation, including the hard-won lessons of how radiation helps and harms our health. Timothy Jorgensen explores how our knowledge of and experiences with radiation in the last century can lead us to smarter personal decisions about radiation exposures today. Jorgensen introduces key figures in the story of radiation—from Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of x-rays, and pioneering radioactivity researchers Marie and Pierre Curie, to Thomas Edison and the victims of the recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Tracing the most important events in the evolution of radiation, Jorgensen explains exactly what radiation is, how it produces certain health consequences, and how we can protect ourselves from harm. He also considers a range of practical scenarios such as the risks of radon in our basements, radiation levels in the fish we eat, questions about cell-phone use, and radiation's link to cancer. Jorgensen empowers us to make informed choices while offering a clearer understanding of broader societal issues. Investigating radiation's benefits and risks, Strange Glow takes a remarkable look at how, for better or worse, radiation has transformed our society.