Asphaltenes Heavy Oils And Petroleomics

Author: Oliver C. Mullins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387689036
Size: 16.33 MB
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With substantial contributions from experienced industrial scientists and engineers, this work will have real application towards improving process efficiency and improvement in the trillion-dollar global petroleum industry. It presents an overview of the emerging field of petroleomics, which endeavors to understand the fundamental components of crude oil. Petroleomics promises to revolutionize petroleum science in much the same way that genomics transformed the study of medicine not long ago. Asphaltenes are a particular focus, with many chapters devoted to the analysis of their structure and properties.

Asphaltenes And Asphalts 1

Author: G.V. Chilingarian
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080868981
Size: 37.66 MB
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This is the first volume of a two-volume set of critical reviews of many aspects of both asphaltenes and asphalts and their interrelationship. Asphaltene is invariably present in asphalt or bitumen and other fossil fuel-derived liquids such as coal tar, coal liquefaction products, pyrolyzed shale oil from oil shales, source rock extracts and numerous naturally occurring bituminous substances. The latter include asphaltites, asphaltoids, waxes, and carbonaceous deposits containing a composition of petroleum and coal. The contents cover not only the basic science of asphaltene but also deal with the applications and technology such as upstreams (production, recovery) and down streams (refining, upgrading) of petroleum, and the paving technology and formulation preparation. The main features of the book are: it provides an up-to-date, in-depth review of every aspect of asphaltenes and asphalts; it spans five decades of research and technology of heavy fractions of petroleum; it presents a global view of asphaltene related to exploration production, refining and upgrading. The book will be welcomed as a valuable reference source for petroleum companies, research institutes, refineries, universities and also by individuals dealing with the production, origin, formation, engineering, conversion and catalysis of heavy oil, tar sands and other bitumens materials.

Structures And Dynamics Of Asphaltenes

Author: Oliver C. Mullins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306459306
Size: 63.29 MB
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The investigative assault upon the enigmatic asphaltenes has recently resulted in sig nificant advances in many varied disciplines. Taken individually, each discipline exposes certain facets of asphaltenes, but each, alone, can never reveal asphaltenes from all van tages. Even seemingly narrowly focused issues such as the molecular structures of asphal tenes, or the colloidal structures of asphaltenes require a confluence of many lines of investigation to yield an understanding which differs from truth by diminishing uncer tainty. An holistic treatment of the asphaltenes is a powerful approach to evolve further their understanding. For example, examination of asphaltenes at the highest resolution yields molecular structure. A slight increase in scale probes asphaltene colloidal structure. Weaving together asphaltene studies performed at different length scales results in a fabric which envelops an encompassing vision of asphaltenes. At the same time, the interfaces of these hierarchical studies provide additional constraints on imagination, more than investi gations at individual length scales alone. These considerations shaped the timing, format, and the content of our book. The editors are very appreciative of the diligence and hard work manifest in each of the contributed chapters herein. We thank the contributing authors for making this project a success. Oliver C. Mullins Eric Y. Sheu vii CONTENTS I. Asphaltenes: Types and Sources ...................................... .

Asphaltenes

Author: Maite Subirana
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 147579293X
Size: 70.70 MB
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Asphaltenes have traditionally been viewed as being extremely complex, thus very hard to characterize. In addition, certain fundamental properties of asphaltenes have pre viously been inaccessible to study by traditional macroscopic methods, further limiting understanding of asphaltenes. These limitations inhibited development of descriptions regarding the microscopic structure and solution dynamics of asphaltenes. However, a variety ofmore recent studies have implied that asphaltenes share many chemical properties with the smaller, more tractable components of crude oils. Recent measurements have indicated that asphaltene molecular weights are not as !arge as previously thought, perhaps in the range of 600 to I 000 amu. In addition, new experimental methods applied to asphaltene chemical structures have been quite revealing, yielding a broad understanding. Conse quently, the ability to relate chemical structure with physical and chemical properties can be developed and extended to the understanding of important commercial properties of asphal tenes. This book treats significant new developments in the fundamentals and applications of asphaltenes. In the first section ofthe book, new experimental methods are described that characterize asphaltene structures from the molecular to colloidallength scale. The colloidal properties are understandable in terms of asphaltene chemical structures, especially with regard to the heteroatom impact on bonding. However, quantitative measurements of the of asphaltene self-association still need to be determined. In the second section of enthalpy this book, the fundamental understanding of asphaltenes is related riirectly to asphaltene utilization.

Oil Sands Heavy Oil Bitumen

Author: Dwijen K. Banerjee
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 1593702604
Size: 53.80 MB
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Unlike conventional oil resources, "unconventional oil" resources have been known to exist only for the last few decades and are available in limited areas of the world. The most commonly known "unconventional oils"—oil sands, heavy oil, and bitumenŒ—are found primarily in the western United States, Canada, and Venezuela. Only recently has serious consideration has been given to North American resources for meeting the increasing demands for transportation fuel. Dr. Banerjee discusses the importance of these unconventional oils and provides an introduction for those beginning their journey in the still unexplored unconventional hydrocarbon resources of the world. This book is an important educational tool for anyone in the petroleum industry—whether upstream, downstream, or pipeline—who would like to learn the fundamentals of the most commonly known unconventional oils: oil sands, heavy oil, and bitumen.

The Physics Of Reservoir Fluids

Author: Oliver C. Mullins
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780978853020
Size: 21.49 MB
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Downhole fluid analysis (DFA), a new, rapidly growing discipline in wireline logging, has become a keystone in reservoir evaluation. DFA expert Dr. Oliver C. Mullins of Schlumberger wrote this book to address the specific needs of asset managers and asset team technologists such as reservoir engineers and petrophysicists. He gives an inside look at reservoir fluids and their characterization by DFA. Chapters describe the evolving understanding of reservoir complexities through DFA interpretation and much more.

Handbook Of Oil Spill Science And Technology

Author: Merv Fingas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470455519
Size: 39.76 MB
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Risk analysis and prevention. Oil properties oil physiscal properties. Oil composition and properties. Oil analysis. oil behavior. Modeling. oil spill on land. Effects of oil. Natural dispersion. Cold region spills. Case studies.

Upgrading Oilsands Bitumen And Heavy Oil

Author: Murray R. Gray
Publisher: University of Alberta
ISBN: 1772120227
Size: 42.16 MB
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"The emphasis throughout is to link the fundamentals of the molecules through to the economic drivers for the industry, because this combination determines the technology used for processing."-From the Introduction The high demand for quality petroleum products necessitates ongoing innovation in the science and engineering underlying oilsands extraction and upgrading. Beginning with a thorough grounding in the composition, fluid properties, reaction behaviour, and economics of bitumen and heavy oil, Murray Gray then delves into current processing technologies, particularly those used at full commercial scale. The tables of data on composition, yield, and behaviour of oilsands bitumen and heavy oil fractions are extensive. Though the focus is on bitumen from Alberta's oilsands-the largest resource in the world-the science applies to upgrading of heavy oil and petroleum residue feeds worldwide. Upgrading Oilsands Bitumen and Heavy Oil lays out the current best practice for engineers and scientists in the oilsands and refining industries, government personnel, academics, and students.

Heavy Oil

Author: Amir H. Mohammadi
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781536108521
Size: 69.71 MB
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Heavy oil is a crude oil of typically less than 20�API gravity and higher than 200 cp (centipoise) viscosity at reservoir conditions. It is characterised by a viscous, dense, and asphaltic nature. Heavy oil reservoirs are considered as some of the worlds largest reserves. Extraction, recovery, and production of heavy oil are the main challenges in the heavy oil industry. This book provides current research on heavy and crude oils.

Biochemical Mechanisms Of Detoxification In Higher Plants

Author: George Kvesitadze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540289976
Size: 57.37 MB
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Plants play a key role in purifying the biosphere of the toxic effects of industrial activity. This book shows how systematic application of the results of investigations into the metabolism of xenobiotics (foreign, often toxic substances) in plants could make a vastly increased contribution to planetary well-being. Deep physiological knowledge gained from an accumulation of experimental data enables the great differences between the detoxifying abilities of different plants for compounds of different chemical nature to be optimally exploited. Hence planting could be far more systematically adapted to actual environmental needs than is actually the case at present. The book could form the basis of specialist courses in universities and polytechnics devoted to environmental management, and advanced courses in plant physiology and biochemistry, for botany and integrative biology students. Fundamental plant physiology and biochemistry from the molecular level to whole plants and ecosystems are interwoven in a powerful and natural way, making this a unique contribution to the field.