Applying Linguistics In The Classroom

Author: Aria Razfar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136212043
Size: 75.56 MB
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Making linguistics accessible and relevant to all teachers, this text looks at language issues in the classroom through an applied sociocultural perspective focused on how language functions in society and in schools—how it is used, for what purposes, and how teachers can understand their students’ language practices. While touching on the key structural aspects of language (phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax), it does not simply give an overview, but rather provides a way to study and talk about language. Each chapter includes practical steps and suggests tools for applying different kinds of linguistic knowledge in classrooms. The activities and exercises are adaptable to elementary or high school settings. Many examples focus on the intersection of math, science, and language. Teacher case studies show how real teachers have used these concepts to inform teaching practices. Given the increasing use of multimedia resources in today’s schools, multiple mediums are integrated to engage educators in learning about language. The Companion Website provides a multitude of relevant resources that illustrate the diversity of language functions and debates about language in society.

Sociocultural Theory And The Pedagogical Imperative In L2 Education

Author: James P. Lantolf
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136703012
Size: 23.45 MB
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Explicating clearly and concisely the full implication of a praxis-oriented language pedagogy, this book argues for an approach to language teaching grounded in a significant scientific theory of human learning—a stance that rejects the consumer approach to theory and the dichotomy between theory and practice that dominates SLA and language teaching. This approach is based on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory, according to which the two activities are inherently connected so that each is necessarily rooted in the other; practice is the research laboratory where the theory is tested. From the perspective of language education, this is what is meant by the ‘pedagogical imperative.’ Sociocultural Theory and the Pedagogical Imperative in L2 Education • Elaborates a new approach to dealing with the relationship between theory and practice—an approach grounded in praxis—the dialectical unity of theory and practice • Presents an analysis of empirical research illustrating praxis-based principles in real language classrooms • Brings together cognitive linguistics and sociocultural theory ─ the former provides the theoretical knowledge of language required of praxis and the latter furnishes the theoretical principles of learning and development also called for in a praxis approach • Offers recommendations for redesigning teacher education programs Its timely focus on the theory-practice gap in language education and its original approach to bridging it put this book at the cutting edge of thinking about Vygotskian sociocultural theory in applied linguistics and SLA.

The Handbook Of Classroom Discourse And Interaction

Author: Numa Markee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118531167
Size: 26.61 MB
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Offering an interdisciplinary approach, The Handbook of Classroom Discourse and Interaction presents a series of contributions written by educators and applied linguists that explores the latest research methodologies and theories related to classroom language. • Organized to facilitate a critical understanding of how and why various research traditions differ and how they overlap theoretically and methodologically • Discusses key issues in the future development of research in critical areas of education and applied linguistics • Provides empirically-based analysis of classroom talk to illustrate theoretical claims and methodologies • Includes multimodal transcripts, an emerging trend in education and applied linguistics, particularly in conversation analysis and sociocultural theory

Second Language Teacher Education

Author: Karen E. Johnson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135967415
Size: 16.85 MB
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'... A beautifully written, articulate and compelling argument for a sociocultural perspective on second language teacher education . . . Essential reading for all who wish to understand this perspective.' – David Nunan, University of Hong Kong '...Significant and timely. Johnson is masterful at writing in an engaging, transparent prose about complex concepts. It’s a rare scholar who can write prose like this. Throughout my reading I wanted to engage in dialogue with her – this is a sure sign of a great book." – Diane Tedick, University of Minnesota, USA This book presents a comprehensive overview of the epistemological underpinnings of a sociocultural perspective on human learning and addresses in detail what this perspective has to offer the field of second language teacher education. Captured through five changing points of view, it argues that a sociocultural perspective on human learning changes the way we think about how teachers learn to teach, how teachers think about language, how teachers teach second languages, the broader social, cultural, and historical macro-structures that are ever present and ever changing in the second language teaching profession, and what constitutes second language teacher professional development. Overall, it clearly and accessibly makes the case that a sociocultural perspective on human learning reorients how the field understands and supports the professional development of second language teachers.

Dialogue And The Development Of Children S Thinking

Author: Neil Mercer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134136889
Size: 70.32 MB
Format: PDF
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This book draws on extensive research to provide a ground-breaking new account of the relationship between dialogue and children’s learning development. It closely relates the research findings to real-life classrooms, so that it is of practical value to teachers and students concerned that their children are offered the best possible learning opportunities. The authors provide a clear, accessible and well-illustrated case for the importance of dialogue in children's intellectual development and support this with a new and more educationally relevant version of socio-cultural theory, which explains the fascinating relationship between dialogues and learning. In educational terms, a sociocultural theory that relates social, cultural and historical processes, interpersonal communication and applied linguistics, is an ideal way of explaining how school experience helps children learn and develop. By using evidence of how the collective construction of knowledge is achieved and how engagement in dialogues shapes children's educational progress and intellectual development, the authors provide a text which is essential for educational researchers, postgraduate students of education and teachers, and is also of interest to many psychologists and applied linguists.

Cognitive Linguistics And Sociocultural Theory

Author: Kyoko Masuda
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501500899
Size: 52.60 MB
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By integrating cognitive linguistics and sociocultural theories, this groundbreaking book presents empirical studies on selected grammatical and semantic aspects that are challenging for second/foreign language learners. Through in-depth studies exploring eight different languages, this book offers insights generated through the synergy between cognitive linguistics and sociocultural theories that can be readily incorporated into teaching.

Metaphor In Educational Discourse

Author: Lynne Cameron
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826449405
Size: 58.62 MB
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Metaphor is recognized as widespread and intrinsic to language use. This work examines the use and understanding of metaphor in everyday classroom discourse and in informational texts. The use and interpretation of metaphor is discussed in terms of humaninteraction, understanding and learning.

The Stories Of Linguistics

Author: Kim Ballard
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137095636
Size: 44.11 MB
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What is the nature of human language? How did it originate? How did it come to be so diverse and what are the connections between the thousands of global languages? How do we learn language? Stories of Linguistics explores the people, ideas and events that have shaped linguistic thought and research for more than two thousand years.

The Ecology And Semiotics Of Language Learning

Author: Leo van Lier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402079125
Size: 65.14 MB
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In this book I try to give a coherent and consistent overview of what an ecological approach to language learning might look like. This is not a fully fledged grand theory that aims to provide an explanation of everything, but an attempt to provide a rationale for taking an ecological world view and applying it to language education, which I regard as one of the most important of all human activities. Goethe once said that everything has been thought of before, but that the difficulty is to think of it again. The same certainly is true of the present effort. If it has any innovative ideas to offer, these lie in a novel combination of thoughts and ideas that have been around for a long, long time. The reader will encounter influences that range from Spinoza to Bakhtin and from Vygotsky to Halliday. The scope of the work is intentionally broad, covering all major themes that are part of the language learning process and the language teaching profession. These themes include language, perception and action, self, learning, critical pedagogy and research. At the same time I have attempted to look at both the macro and the micro sides of the ecological coin, and address issues from both a theoretical and a practical perspective. This, then, aims to be a book that can be read by practitioners and theoreticians alike, and the main idea is that it should be readable and challenging at the same time.

The Applied Linguistic Individual

Author: Phil Benson
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: 9781908049391
Size: 43.40 MB
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Research in language acquisition has traditionally steered clear of notions of learner individuality favouring instead to search for universal acquisition processes, or emphasising the psychological/sociological group characteristics over those of individuals. More recently, however, autonomy, agency and identity have begun to emerge as important constructs through which researchers are seeking to understand relationships between individuals and the social contexts in which they learn and use languages, and case studies of individuals have become a preferred approach to applied linguistics research. The contributions in this volume of essays explore the important questions that these developments raise about the relationship between the social and individual and the philosophical and methodological issues they create. The contributors explore how individuality is conceptualised in socially-oriented approaches to applied linguistics research, including sociocultural theory, situated learning, imagined communities, complexity theory, and autonomy theory. Is there a tension between the social and the individual in these approaches, and if so, how is it manifested and resolved in empirical research?