Applications Of Epidemiological Models To Public Health Policymaking

Author: Zhilan Feng
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814522368
Size: 36.67 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7222
Download
Mathematical models can be very helpful to understand the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases. This book presents examples of epidemiological models and modeling tools that can assist policymakers to assess and evaluate disease control strategies. Contents:Mathematical Modeling in Epidemiology:Epidemic ModelsEndemic ModelsApplications to Public Health Policymaking:Applications of Models to Evaluations of Disease Control StrategiesDevelopment of Interactive Tools to Assist Public Health Policymaking Readership: Researchers in mathematical biology, mathematical modeling, infectious diseases and complex systems. Keywords:Epidemiological Model;Population Dynamics;Disease Control StrategyKey Features:Development of modeling tools that are user-friendly to policymakersConsideration of heterogeneities that are not analyzed in detail previouslyConnection of model analyses to real disease data to improve understanding

Using Science As Evidence In Public Policy

Author: Center for Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309261619
Size: 32.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 3295
Download
Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making. This report investigates why scientific evidence is important to policy making and argues that an extensive body of research on knowledge utilization has not led to any widely accepted explanation of what it means to use science in public policy. Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies the gaps in our understanding and develops a framework for a new field of research to fill those gaps. For social scientists in a number of specialized fields, whether established scholars or Ph.D. students, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy shows how to bring their expertise to bear on the study of using science to inform public policy. More generally, this report will be of special interest to scientists who want to see their research used in policy making, offering guidance on what is required beyond producing quality research, beyond translating results into more understandable terms, and beyond brokering the results through intermediaries, such as think tanks, lobbyists, and advocacy groups. For administrators and faculty in public policy programs and schools, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies critical elements of instruction that will better equip graduates to promote the use of science in policy making.

Drugs Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464920923
Size: 70.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1269
Download
Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Trials. The editors have built Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Trials in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Infectious Diseases Of Humans

Author: Roy M. Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198540403
Size: 15.71 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7659
Download
This much-acclaimed book provides an analytic framework for evaluating public health measures aimed at eradicating or controlling communicable diseases.

Vertically Transmitted Diseases

Author: Stavros Busenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642753019
Size: 58.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 481
Download
Infectious diseases are transmitted through various different mechanisms including person to person interactions, by insect vectors and via vertical transmission from a parent to an unborn offspring. The population dynamics of such disease transmission can be very complicated and the development of rational strategies for controlling and preventing the spread of these diseases requires careful modeling and analysis. The book describes current methods for formulating models and analyzing the dynamics of the propagation of diseases which include vertical transmission as one of the mechanisms for their spread. Generic models that describe broad classes of diseases as well as models that are tailored to the dynamics of a specific infection are formulated and analyzed. The effects of incubation periods, maturation delays, and age-structure, interactions between disease transmission and demographic changes, population crowding, spatial spread, chaotic dynamic behavior, seasonal periodicities and discrete time interval events are studied within the context of specific disease transmission models. No previous background in disease transmission modeling and analysis is assumedand the required biological concepts and mathematical methods are gradually introduced within the context of specific disease transmission models. Graphs are widely used to illustrate and explain the modeling assumptions and results. REMARKS: NOTE: the authors have supplied variants on the promotion text that are more suitable for promotionin different fields (by virtue of different emphasis in the content). They are not enclosed, but in the mathematics editorial.

Lobbying The European Union

Author: David Coen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191607215
Size: 73.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5403
Download
It is universally accepted that there has been a huge growth in EU lobbying over the past few decades. There is now a dense EU interest group system. This entirely new volume, inspired by Mazey & Richardson's 1993 book Lobbying in the European Community, seeks to understand the role of interest groups in the policy process from agenda-setting to implementation. Specifically, the book is interested in observing how interest groups organise to influence the EU institutions and how they select different coalitions along the policy process and in different policy domains. In looking at 20 years of change, the book captures processes of institutional and actor learning, professionalisation of lobbying, and the possible emergence of a distinct EU public policy style. More specifically, from the actors' perspective, the editors are interested in assessing how the rise of direct lobbying and the emergence of fluid issue-based coalitions has changed the logic of collective action, and what is the potential impact of 'venue-shopping' on reputation and influence. From an institutional perspective, the contributors explore resource and legitimacy demands, and the practical impact of consultation processes on the emergence of a distinct EU lobbying relationship. It will be essential reading for academics and practitioners alike.

Modeling Community Containment For Pandemic Influenza

Author: Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309668190
Size: 73.41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2323
Download
Letter from the Committee on its review of (1) the quality of existing models about a potential influenza pandemic and their utility for predicting the effects of various community containment policies on disease mitigation; (2) the available science and previous analyses of the efficacy of community mitigation approaches; and (3) the historical record of community interventions utilized during previous influenza pandemics and other relevant outbreaks.

Modeling Infectious Disease Parameters Based On Serological And Social Contact Data

Author: Niel Hens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461440726
Size: 50.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 3296
Download
Mathematical epidemiology of infectious diseases usually involves describing the flow of individuals between mutually exclusive infection states. One of the key parameters describing the transition from the susceptible to the infected class is the hazard of infection, often referred to as the force of infection. The force of infection reflects the degree of contact with potential for transmission between infected and susceptible individuals. The mathematical relation between the force of infection and effective contact patterns is generally assumed to be subjected to the mass action principle, which yields the necessary information to estimate the basic reproduction number, another key parameter in infectious disease epidemiology. It is within this context that the Center for Statistics (CenStat, I-Biostat, Hasselt University) and the Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination and the Centre for Health Economic Research and Modelling Infectious Diseases (CEV, CHERMID, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp) have collaborated over the past 15 years. This book demonstrates the past and current research activities of these institutes and can be considered to be a milestone in this collaboration. This book is focused on the application of modern statistical methods and models to estimate infectious disease parameters. We want to provide the readers with software guidance, such as R packages, and with data, as far as they can be made publicly available.

Promoting Cardiovascular Health In The Developing World

Author: Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309147743
Size: 13.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6436
Download
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.