Analysis Of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Tamas Turanyi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 366244562X
Size: 51.82 MB
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Chemical processes in many fields of science and technology, including combustion, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, process engineering, and systems biology, can be described by detailed reaction mechanisms consisting of numerous reaction steps. This book describes methods for the analysis of reaction mechanisms that are applicable in all these fields. Topics addressed include: how sensitivity and uncertainty analyses allow the calculation of the overall uncertainty of simulation results and the identification of the most important input parameters, the ways in which mechanisms can be reduced without losing important kinetic and dynamic detail, and the application of reduced models for more accurate engineering optimizations. This monograph is invaluable for researchers and engineers dealing with detailed reaction mechanisms, but is also useful for graduate students of related courses in chemistry, mechanical engineering, energy and environmental science and biology.

Chemical Kinetics And Mechanism

Author: M Mortimer
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847557805
Size: 69.49 MB
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Chemical Kinetics and Mechanism considers the role of rate of reaction. It begins by introducing chemical kinetics and the analysis of reaction mechanism, from basic well-established concepts to leading edge research. Organic reaction mechanisms are then discussed, encompassing curly arrows, nucleophilic substitution and E1 and E2 elimination reactions. The book concludes with a Case Study on Zeolites, which examines their structure and internal dimensions in relation to their behaviour as molecular sieves and catalysts. The accompanying CD-ROM contains the "Kinetics Toolkit", a graph-plotting application designed for manipulation and analysis of kinetic data, which is built into many of the examples, questions and exercises in the text. There are also interactive activities illustrating reaction mechanisms. The Molecular World series provides an integrated introduction to all branches of chemistry for both students wishing to specialise and those wishing to gain a broad understanding of chemistry and its relevance to the everyday world and to other areas of science. The books, with their Case Studies and accompanying multi-media interactive CD-ROMs, will also provide valuable resource material for teachers and lecturers. (The CD-ROMs are designed for use on a PC running Windows 95, 98, ME or 2000.)

Analysis Of Kinetic Models Of Chemical Reaction Systems

Author: L. A. Tavadian
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781631178658
Size: 63.47 MB
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This book presents the results of the study in the field of kinetic and numerical simulation of complex (multistep) chemical reactions. Numerical analysis methods of kinetic models of multistep chemical reactions are elucidated. Also the new value method of computerized study of the kinetic models of reaction systems is proposed which is distinguished by calculation simplicity, clearness, interpretability of obtained results in the terms of physics and chemistry, and in a variety of solved tasks. The given method of investigations is based on the Hamiltonian systematization of reaction mechanisms which reveals the value (kinetic significance) of individual steps and species, and, as a result, determination of the rational ways to control chemical reactions. The value of individual steps and species is determined as a ratio of the response of selected characteristic dynamic magnitude of a chemical reaction system in a certain point of time to the small disturbance of the rate of individual step and the rate-of-production of species accumulation in the initial point of time.

Kinetic Models Of Catalytic Reactions

Author: G.S. Yablonskii
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080868264
Size: 28.19 MB
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This book has been written by a group of mathematicians and chemists whose common interest is in the complex dynamics of catalytic reactions. Based on developments in mathematical chemistry, a general theory is described that allows the investigation of the relationships between the kinetic characteristics of complex reactions and their detailed reaction mechanism. Furthermore, a comprehensive analysis is made of some typical mechanism of catalytic reactions, in particular for the oxidation of carbon monoxide on platinum metals. In fact, the book presents three kinetics: (a) detailed, oriented to the elucidation of a detailed reaction mechanism according to its kinetic laws; (b) applied, with the aim of obtaining kinetic relationships for the further design of chemical reactors; and (c) mathematical kinetics whose purpose is the analysis of mathematical models for heterogeneous catalytic reactions taking place under steady- or unsteady-state conditions.

Determination Of Complex Reaction Mechanisms

Author: John Ross
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195178688
Size: 46.93 MB
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Covers the determination of complex reaction mechanisms in chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemistry, biology, biotechnology, and genomics. Topics covered include the pulse method, correlation functions, genetic algorithms, general theory of response methods, prescriptions for oscillatory reactions, and more.

Kinetics Of Multistep Reactions

Author: Friedrich G. Helfferich
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080473185
Size: 39.42 MB
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This book addresses primarily the engineer in industrial process development, the research chemist in academia and industry, and the graduate student intending to become a reaction engineer. In industry, competitive pressures put a premium on scale-up by large factors to cut development time. To be safe, such development should be based on "fundamental" kinetics that reflect the elementary steps of which the reaction consists. The book forges fundamental kinetics into a practical tool by presenting new, effective methods for elucidation of mechanisms and reduction of complexity without unacceptable sacrifice in accuracy: fewer equations (lesser computational load), fewer coefficients (fewer experiment to determine them). For network elucidation, new rules relating network configurations to observable kinetic behaviour allow incorrect networks to be ruled out by whole classes instead of one by one. For modelling, general equations and algorithms are given from which equations for specific networks can be recovered by simple substitutions. The procedures are illustrated with examples of industrial reactions including, among others, paraffin oxidation, ethoxylation, hydroformylation, hydrocyanation, shape-selective catalysis, ethane pyrolysis, styrene polymerization, and ethene oligomerization. Many of the rate equations have not been published before. The expanded edition of the 2001 title, Kinetics of Homogeneous Multistep Reactions includes new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis and periodic and chaotic re-actions; new sections on adsorption, statistical methods, and lumping; and other new detail. * Contains new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis, oscillations and chaos * Includes new sections on statistical methods, lumping adsorption and software and databases * Provides a better understanding of complex reaction mechanisms

Chemical Reaction Kinetics

Author: Jorge Ancheyta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119226643
Size: 31.56 MB
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A practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics—from basic concepts to laboratory methods—featuring numerous real-world examples and case studies This book focuses on fundamental aspects of reaction kinetics with an emphasis on mathematical methods for analyzing experimental data and interpreting results. It describes basic concepts of reaction kinetics, parameters for measuring the progress of chemical reactions, variables that affect reaction rates, and ideal reactor performance. Mathematical methods for determining reaction kinetic parameters are described in detail with the help of real-world examples and fully-worked step-by-step solutions. Both analytical and numerical solutions are exemplified. The book begins with an introduction to the basic concepts of stoichiometry, thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. This is followed by chapters featuring in-depth discussions of reaction kinetics; methods for studying irreversible reactions with one, two and three components; reversible reactions; and complex reactions. In the concluding chapters the author addresses reaction mechanisms, enzymatic reactions, data reconciliation, parameters, and examples of industrial reaction kinetics. Throughout the book industrial case studies are presented with step-by-step solutions, and further problems are provided at the end of each chapter. Takes a practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics basic concepts and methods Features numerous illustrative case studies based on the author’s extensive experience in the industry Provides essential information for chemical and process engineers, catalysis researchers, and professionals involved in developing kinetic models Functions as a student textbook on the basic principles of chemical kinetics for homogeneous catalysis Describes mathematical methods to determine reaction kinetic parameters with the help of industrial case studies, examples, and step-by-step solutions Chemical Reaction Kinetics is a valuable working resource for academic researchers, scientists, engineers, and catalyst manufacturers interested in kinetic modeling, parameter estimation, catalyst evaluation, process development, reactor modeling, and process simulation. It is also an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in chemical kinetics, homogeneous catalysis, chemical reaction engineering, and petrochemical engineering, biotechnology.

Principles And Applications Of Aquatic Chemistry

Author: François M. M. Morel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471548966
Size: 22.17 MB
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Presents aquatic chemistry in a way that is truly useful to those with diverse backgrounds in the sciences. Major improvements to this edition include a complete rewrite of the first three background chapters making them user-friendly. There is less emphasis on mathematics and concepts are illustrated with actual examples to facilitate understanding.

Determination Of Organic Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Barry Keith Carpenter
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 46.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This practical handbook presents concise descriptions of the most commonly employed experimental techniques for studying reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. For each technique, all necessary theoretical background is covered, and at least one example of its application--taken from the research literature--is described in detail.