An Introductory Philosophy Of Medicine

Author: James A. Marcum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067976
Size: 57.40 MB
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In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”

Philosophy Of Medicine

Author: R. Paul Thompson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415501095
Size: 34.12 MB
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Philosophy of medicine: its scope and subject matter -- Defining health and disease -- Theories and models in medicine -- Materialism and reductionism in science and medicine -- Probability and randomness -- Causality and induction -- Randomised controlled trials and study design -- Some central measures in clinical medicine -- Reasoning in clinical practice: prevention, diagnosis, therapy, prognosis, palliation and rehabilitation -- Medicine from first-person perspectives: phenomenology, narrative of knowledge and qualitative approaches to knowledge creation and use in medicine -- Neurosciences and diseases of the mind -- The varieties of modern medicine: evolutionary medicine, evidence-based medicine, precision and personalised medicine, alternative medicines and managing epidemics

The Philosophical Foundations Of Modern Medicine

Author: Keekok Lee
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230348297
Size: 60.56 MB
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Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- PART I -- Philosophical Foundations -- Modern Philosophy, Modern Science and Its Methodology -- Category Volte-face: Organisms for Machines -- Machines and Reductionism -- Organism A Machine -- PART II -- Human Organism is Machine: MEDICINE -- Biomedicine: Some Sciences -- Biomedicine: Some Technologies -- PART III -- Nosology: The Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Linear Causality and the Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Determining the Cause: Controllability and Random Controlled Trials -- Epidemiology: 'Cinderella' Status? What Kind of Science Is It Really? -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References and Select Bibliography -- Index.

The Engine Of Reason The Seat Of The Soul

Author: Paul M. Churchland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262531429
Size: 30.53 MB
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This work summarizes results from neuroscience and recent work with artificial neural networks that together suggest a unified set of answers to questions about how the brain actually works; how it sustains a thinking, feeling, dreaming self; and how it sustains a self-conscious person.

Philosophy

Author: Donald Borchert
Publisher: MacMillan
ISBN: 9780028663333
Size: 29.97 MB
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The Macmillan Interdisciplinary Handbooks: Philosophy series serves undergraduate college students who have had little or no exposure to philosophy, as well as the curious lay reader. Following this first primer volume, which introduces both the discipline and the topics of the remaining nine volumes, each handbook will usher the reader into a subfield of philosophy (see list of titles below), and explore fifteen to thirty topics in that subfield. Every chapter in each volume will use vehicles such as film to facilitate understanding of philosophical issues; for example, the film Dead Man Walking may be used as an introduction to issues related to the death penalty.

Care And Cure

Author: Jacob Stegenga
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780226595030
Size: 50.15 MB
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The philosophy of medicine has become a vibrant and complex intellectual landscape, and Care and Cure is the first extended attempt to map it. In pursuing the interdependent aims of caring and curing, medicine relies on concepts, theories, inferences, and policies that are often complicated and controversial. Bringing much-needed clarity to the interplay of these diverse problems, Jacob Stegenga describes the core philosophical controversies underlying medicine in this unrivaled introduction to the field. The fourteen chapters in Care and Cure present and discuss conceptual, metaphysical, epistemological, and political questions that arise in medicine, buttressed with lively illustrative examples ranging from debates over the true nature of disease to the effectiveness of medical interventions and homeopathy. Poised to be the standard sourcebook for anyone seeking a comprehensive overview of the canonical concepts, current state, and cutting edge of this vital field, this concise introduction will be an indispensable resource for students and scholars of medicine and philosophy.

The Right To Know And The Right Not To Know

Author: Ruth Chadwick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107076072
Size: 60.11 MB
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This book considers the right to know and the right not to know about your own and others' genomes, discussing new privacy concerns and developments in ethical thinking, with the greater emphasis on solidarity and equity.

Introduction To The Science Of Medical Imaging

Author: R. Nick Bryan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521747627
Size: 31.13 MB
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This landmark text from world-leading radiologist describes and illustrates how imaging techniques are created, analyzed and applied to biomedical problems.

Chinese And Indian Medicine Today

Author: Md. Nazrul Islam
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811039623
Size: 74.38 MB
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This book discusses Asian medicine, which puts enormous emphasis on prevention and preservation of health, and examines how, in recent decades, medical schools in Asia have been increasingly shifting toward a curative approach. It offers an ethnographic investigation of the scenarios in China and India and finds that modern students and graduates in these countries perceive Asian medicine to be as important as Western medicine. There is a growing tendency to integrate Asian medicine with Western medical thought in the academic curriculum that has led to a gradual decline of Asian medical thought and practices. At the same time, there has been a massive rise in patent drugs, health products and cosmetics being sold under the brand names of Asian medicine or herbal medicine. Most of these drugs and health products do not follow the classical formulas found in the Asian medical texts. The book analyses these texts and concludes that contemporary Asian medicine rarely follows the classical texts, and in fact uses Asian medicine brands to sell Western health products and practices. With a particular focus on the formal and professional sector of Chinese herbal medicine and Indian ayurvedic medicine in urban areas, this book appeals to a broad readership, including undergraduate students and academics as well as non-experts. Md. Nazrul Islam is an Associate Professor in the General Education Office, United International College, Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University. He was a Visiting Associate Professor in the School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia (2015-16) during which time he completed this book manuscript.

Philosophy Of Medicine

Author: Fred Gifford
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444517871
Size: 36.72 MB
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This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice. Several chapters examine such general meta-scientific concepts as discovery, reduction, theories and models, causal inference and scientific realism as they apply to medicine or medical science in particular. Some discuss important concepts specific to medicine (diagnosis, health, disease, brain death). A topic such as evidence, for instance, is examined at a variety of levels, from social mechanisms for guiding evidence-based reasoning such as evidence-based medicine, consensus conferences, and clinical trials, to the more abstract analysis of experimentation, inference and uncertainty. Some chapters reflect on particular domains of medicine, including psychiatry, public health, and nursing. The contributions span a broad range of detailed cases from the science and practice of medicine, as well as a broad range of intellectual approaches, from conceptual analysis to detailed examinations of particular scientific papers or historical episodes. Chapters view philosophy of medicine from quite different angles Considers substantive cases from both medical science and practice Chapters from a distinguished array of contributors