An Introduction To The Dynamics Of El Nino And The Southern Oscillation

Author: Allan J. Clarke
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080560830
Size: 38.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6461
Download
Many scientists either working on the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) problem or its many applications have not been trained in both the equatorial ocean and atmospheric dynamics necessary to understand it. This book seeks to overcome this difficulty by providing a step by step introduction to ENSO, helping the upper level graduate student or research scientist to learn quickly the ENSO basics and be up to date with the latest ENSO research. The text assumes that the reader has a knowledge of the equations of fluid mechanics on a rotating earth and emphasizes the observations and simple physical explanations of them. Following a history of ENSO and a discussion of ENSO observations in Chapters 1 and 2, Chapters 3-5 consider relevant equatorial ocean dynamics, Chapters 6 and 9 relevant atmospheric dynamics, and Chapters 7 and 8 the main paradigms for how the Pacific Ocean and atmosphere couple together to produce ENSO. Chapter 8 also discusses the old mystery of why ENSO tends to be locked in phase with the seasonal cycle. Successful dynamical and statistical approaches to ENSO prediction are discussed in Chapters 10 and 11 while Chapter 12 concludes the book with examples of how ENSO influences marine and bird life. Quick reference guide and step by step introduction to El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics Keep informed and up to date on El Niño/Southern Oscillation research and how El Niño and the Southern Oscillation can be predicted Understand how El Niño can affect marine and bird life

The El Ni O Southern Oscillation Phenomenon

Author: Edward S. Sarachik
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487019
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7021
Download
Many climatic extremes around the globe, such as severe droughts and floods, can be attributed to the periodic warming of the equatorial Pacific sea surface, termed the El Niño or Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Advances in our understanding of ENSO, in which Edward Sarachik and Mark Cane have been key participants, have led to marked improvements in our ability to predict its development months or seasons, allowing adaptation to global impacts. The book introduces basic concepts and builds to more detailed theoretical treatments. Chapters on the structure and dynamics of the tropical ocean and atmosphere place ENSO in a broader observational and theoretical context. Chapters on ENSO prediction, past and future, and impacts introduce broader implications of the phenomenon. This book provides an introduction to all aspects of this most important mode of global climate variability, for research workers and students of all levels in climate science, oceanography and related fields.

An Introduction To Three Dimensional Climate Modeling

Author: Warren M. Washington
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9781891389351
Size: 17.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1908
Download
Warren M. Washington is consultant and advisor to a number of government officials and committees on climate-system modelling. Now along with Claire Parkinson (NASA) he gives the reader insight into the complex field of climate modelling.

Climate Dynamics

Author: De-Zheng Sun
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118671694
Size: 21.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4742
Download
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 189. Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary? presents the major climate phenomena within the climate system to underscore the potency of dynamics in giving rise to climate change and variability. These phenomena include deep convection over the Indo-Pacific warm pool and its planetary-scale organization: the Madden-Julian Oscillation, the monsoons, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and the low-frequency variability of extratropical circulations. The volume also has a chapter focusing on the discussion of the causes of the recent melting of Arctic sea ice and a chapter devoted to the discussion of the causes of recent changes in the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones. On each topic, the basic material of climate dynamics is covered to aid the understanding of the forefront research, making the volume accessible to a broad spectrum of readers. The volume highlights include Diabatic and nonlinear aspects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation Causes of sea ice melting in the Arctic Impact of global warming on tropical cyclone activity Origins of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation Causes of climate variability of Asian monsoons The volume will be of particular interest to graduate students and young researchers in atmospheric and oceanic sciences and related disciplines such as geology and geography. The book will also be a good read for those who have a more general interest in the Earth's climate and why it varies.

Introduction To Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Benoit Cushman-Roisin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080916783
Size: 78.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5742
Download
This book provides an introductory-level exploration of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD), the principles governing air and water flows on large terrestrial scales. Physical principles are illustrated with the aid of the simplest existing models, and the computer methods are shown in juxtaposition with the equations to which they apply. It explores contemporary topics of climate dynamics and equatorial dynamics, including the Greenhouse Effect, global warming, and the El Nino Southern Oscillation. Combines both physical and numerical aspects of geophysical fluid dynamics into a single affordable volume Explores contemporary topics such as the Greenhouse Effect, global warming and the El Nino Southern Oscillation Biographical and historical notes at the ends of chapters trace the intellectual development of the field Recipient of the 2010 Wernaers Prize, awarded each year by the National Fund for Scientific Research of Belgium (FNR-FNRS).

El Nino La Nina And The Southern Oscillation

Author: S. George Philander
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080570983
Size: 30.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6134
Download
El Nino and the Southern Oscillation is by far the most striking phenomenon caused by the interplay of ocean and atmosphere. It can be explained neither in strictly oceanographic nor strictly meteorological terms. This volume provides a brief history of the subject, summarizes the oceanographic and meteorological observations and theories, and discusses the recent advances in computer modeling studies of the phenomenon. Includes a comprehensive and up-to-date research survey Discusses in detail sophisticated computer models Provides a clear exposition of the major problems which prevent more accurate predictions of El Nino

Coral Reefs Of The Eastern Tropical Pacific

Author: Peter W. Glynn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401774994
Size: 64.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2110
Download
This book documents and examines the state of health of coral reefs in the eastern tropical Pacific region. It touches on the occurrence of coral reefs in the waters of surrounding countries, and it explores their biogeography, biodiversity and condition relative to the El Niño southern oscillation and human impacts. Additionally contained within is a field that presents information on many of the species presented in the preceding chapters.

El Ni O Southern Oscillation And Climatic Variability

Author: Robert J. Allan
Publisher: Aubrey Books Intl Ltd
ISBN: 9780643058033
Size: 62.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3568
Download
El Nino Southern Oscillation and Climatic Variability is based on climatic records of more than a century of scientific observations. It provides a comprehensive overview of the ENSO phenomenon and its relationship to natural fluctuations in the climate system.

An Introduction To Dynamic Meteorology

Author: Renata Dmowska
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080959881
Size: 68.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3037
Download
Dynamic meteorology is the study of those motions of the atmosphere that are associated with weather and climate. The science of dynamic meteorology continues its rapid advance, and its scope has broadened considerably. There continue to be important new developments in the analysis and prediction of extratropical synoptic-scale systems. Important progress has been made in the understanding of mesoscale storms, in tropical dynamics, in the dynamics of climate, and in the dynamics of the middle atmosphere. An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Third Edition reflects the full scope of modern dynamic meteorology, while providing a coherent presentation of the fundamentals. The text emphasizes physical principles rather than mathematical elegance. * Presents a cogent explanation of the fundamentals of meteorology * Explains storm dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists * Discusses climate dynamics and the implications posed for global change * Features a new chapter on mesoscale dynamics * Includes updated treatments of climate dynamics, tropical meteorology, middle atmosphere dynamics, and numerical prediction * Instructor's manual is available

Atmospheric And Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110706550X
Size: 51.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6880
Download
The atmosphere and ocean are two of the most important components of the climate system, and fluid dynamics is central to our understanding of both. This book provides a unified and comprehensive treatment of the field that blends classical results with modern interpretations. It takes the reader seamlessly from the basics to the frontiers of knowledge, from the equations of motion to modern theories of the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. These concepts are illustrated throughout the book with observations and numerical examples. As well as updating existing chapters, this full-color second edition includes new chapters on tropical dynamics, El Nio, the stratosphere and gravity waves. Supplementary resources are provided online, including figures from the book and problem sets, making this new edition an ideal resource for students in the atmospheric, oceanic and climate sciences, as well as in applied mathematics and engineering.