Affirmative Action

Author: John W. Johnson
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313338144
Size: 28.49 MB
Format: PDF
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"Special consideration" or "reverse discrimination"? This examination traces the genesis and development of affirmative action and the continuing controversy that constitutes the story of racial and gender preferences. It pays attention to the individuals, the events, and the ideas that spawned federal and selected state affirmative action policies--and the resistance to those policies. Perhaps most important, it probes the key legal challenges to affirmative action in the nation's courts. The controversy over affirmative action in America has been marked by a persistent tension between its advocates, who emphasize the necessity of overcoming historical patterns of racial and gender injustice, and its critics, who insist on the integrity of color and gender blindness. In the wake of related U.S. Supreme Court decisions of 2007, "Affirmative Action" brings the story of one of the most embattled public policy issues of the last half century up to date, demonstrating that social justice cannot simply be legislated into existence, nor can voices on either side of the debate be ignored.

The Healthcare Debate

Author: Greg M. Shaw
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313356667
Size: 16.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With the debate over health care consuming the nation, this timely book looks at the evolution of healthcare policy in the United States throughout its history.

Affirmative Action

Author: Mary-Lane Kamberg
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1477777423
Size: 59.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since the 1960s, the United States government has issued executive orders and passed legislation aimed at achieving fair workplace hiring practices. Critics maintain that, in an attempt to ameliorate past injustices, the government has gone too far by practicing affirmative action--what opponents call "reverse discrimination." Students can use this book as a guide to the history of affirmative action, crucial moments in the timeline of this cause, and a better understanding of what affirmative actions practices may mean for the future.

Understanding Affirmative Action

Author: J. Edward Kellough
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781589010895
Size: 51.67 MB
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For some time, the United States has been engaged in a national debate over affirmative action policy. A policy that began with the idea of creating a level playing field for minorities has sparked controversy in the workplace, in higher education, and elsewhere. After forty years, the debate still continues and the issues are as complex as ever. While most Americans are familiar with the term, they may not fully understand what affirmative action is and why it has become such a divisive issue. With this concise and up-to-date introduction, J. Edward Kellough brings together historical, philosophical, and legal analyses to fully inform participants and observers of this debate. Aiming to promote a more thorough knowledge of the issues involved, this book covers the history, legal status, controversies, and impact of affirmative action in both the private and public sectors -- and in education as well as employment. In addition, Kellough shows how the development and implementation of affirmative action policies have been significantly influenced by the nature and operation of our political institutions. Highlighting key landmarks in legislation and court decisions, he explains such concepts as "disparate impact," "diversity management," "strict scrutiny," and "representative bureaucracy." Understanding Affirmative Action probes the rationale for affirmative action, the different arguments against it, and the known impact it has had. Kellough concludes with a consideration of whether or not affirmative action will remain a useful tool for combating discrimination in the years to come. Not just for students in public administration and public policy, this handy volume will be a valuable resource for public administrators, human resource managers, and ordinary citizens looking for a balanced treatment of a controversial policy.

Collision Course

Author: Hugh Davis Graham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195168891
Size: 52.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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When the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 were passed, they were seen as triumphs of liberal reform. Yet today affirmative action is foundering in the great waves of immigration from Asia and Latin America, leading to direct competition for jobs, housing, education, and government preference programs. In Collision Course, Hugh Davis Graham explains how two such well-intended laws came into conflict with each other when employers, acting under affirmative action plans, hired millions of new immigrants ushered in by the Immigration Act, while leaving high unemployment among inner-city blacks. He shows how affirmative action for immigrants stirred wide resentment and drew new attention to policy contradictions. Graham sees a troubled future for both programs. As the economy weakens and antiterrorist border controls tighten, the competition for jobs will intensify pressure on affirmative action and invite new restrictions on immigration. Graham's insightful interpretation of the unintended consequences of these policies is original and controversial.

Censorship

Author: Tamara L. Roleff
Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
ISBN: 9781565109575
Size: 17.75 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Presents opposing viewpoints about various aspects of censorship and freedom of speech.

Richard Nixon And The Rise Of Affirmative Action

Author: Kevin L. Yuill
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742549982
Size: 51.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nixon's efforts in moving the focus of U.S. race relations from reform to indemnifying damages, Yuill argues, at least equal his contributions to the origins of affirmative action through policy innovations."--Jacket.

The State And Federal Courts A Complete Guide To History Powers And Controversy

Author: Christopher P. Banks
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440841462
Size: 37.46 MB
Format: PDF
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How does the American judiciary impact the development of legal and social policies in the United States? How are the state and federal court systems constructed? This book answers these questions and many others regarding politics, the U.S. courts, and society. • Presents a broad and detailed perspective on law and politics that enables students and laypeople to analyze the judicial process and the role that state and federal courts play in American society • Comprehensively surveys the myriad contemporary issues of law and politics that affect the scope and application of social and public policies • Supplies selected primary source documents that give readers the opportunity to view key judicial documents firsthand • Includes a glossary of terms and annotated bibliography that facilitate a complete comprehension of the organization, structure, and politics of state and federal courts

Affirmative Action

Author: Susan Meyer
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1538380153
Size: 79.15 MB
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Affirmative action includes policies and laws meant to give equal footing to minorities after historic discrimination and oppression. Learn about the history of affirmative action from just after the Civil War through important milestones of the civil rights movement and on to today. Enhanced with accessible text and historical photographs, this guide explains affirmative action through its background, key players, and Supreme Court decisions. The debate about affirmative action is covered in a thoughtful, well-rounded, and timely manner since it remains a controversial issue.

Controversies In Affirmative Action 3 Volumes

Author: James A. Beckman
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440800839
Size: 15.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An engaging and eclectic collection of essays from leading scholars on the subject, which looks at affirmative action past and present, analyzes its efficacy, its legacy, and its role in the future of the United States. • Provides the most up-to-date, comprehensive information available relating to the practice of affirmative action in the United States • Features contributions and perspectives from fields as diverse as law, political science, history, critical race theory, women's studies, African American studies, sociology, criminal justice, education, and philosophy • Offers original research from experts in numerous disciplines • Covers major U.S. Supreme Court decisions on affirmative action, ranging from Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978) to Fisher v. University of Texas (2013) • Includes endnotes with each chapter to facilitate research