Advances In Flow Injection Analysis And Related Techniques

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Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080932126
Size: 25.45 MB
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The concept of flow injection analysis (FIA) was first proposed in 1975 by Ruzicka and Hansen, and this initiated a field of research that would, over more than three decades, involve thousands of researchers, and which has to date resulted in close to 20,000 publications in the international scientific literature. Since its introduction, a number of books, including some specialized monographs, have been published on this subject with the latest in 2000. However, in this decade there has been a number of significant advances in the flow analysis area, and in particular in sequential injection analysis (SIA) techniques, and more recently with the introduction of Lab on a Valve (LOV) and bead injection flow systems. This book aims to cover the most important advances in these new areas, as well as in classical FIA, which still remains the most popular flow analysis technique used in analytical practice. Topics covered in the 23 chapters include the fundamental and underlying principles of flow analysis and associated equipment, the fluid-dynamic theory of FIA, an extensive coverage of detection methods (e.g. atomic and molecular spectrometry, electroanalytical methods). In addition, there are several chapters on on-line separation (e.g. filtration, gas diffusion, dialysis, pervaporation, solvent and membrane extraction, and chromatography), as well as on other sample pretreatment techniques, such as digestion. The book also incorporates several chapters on major areas of application of flow analysis in industrial process monitoring (e.g food and beverages, drugs and pharmaceuticals), environmental and agricultural analysis and life sciences. The contributing authors, who include the founders of flow injection analysis, are all leading experts in flow analytical techniques, and their chapters not only provide a critical review of the current state of this area, but also suggest future trends. - Provides a critical review of the current state of and future trends in flow analytical techniques - Offers a comprehensive elucidation of the principles and theoretical basis of flow analysis - Presents important applications in all major areas of chemical analysis, from food products to environmental concerns

Advances In Flow Injection Analysis And Related Techniques

Author: Spas D. Kolev
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444530940
Size: 45.43 MB
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The concept of flow injection analysis (FIA) was first proposed in 1975 by Ruzicka and Hansen, and this initiated a field of research that would, over more than three decades, involve thousands of researchers, and which has to date resulted in close to 20,000 publications in the international scientific literature. Since its introduction, a number of books, including some specialized monographs, have been published on this subject with the latest in 2000. However, in this decade there has been a number of significant advances in the flow analysis area, and in particular in sequential injection analysis (SIA) techniques, and more recently with the introduction of Lab on a Valve (LOV) and bead injection flow systems. This book aims to cover the most important advances in these new areas, as well as in classical FIA, which still remains the most popular flow analysis technique used in analytical practice. Topics covered in the 23 chapters include the fundamental and underlying principles of flow analysis and associated equipment, the fluid-dynamic theory of FIA, an extensive coverage of detection methods (e.g. atomic and molecular spectrometry, electroanalytical methods). In addition, there are several chapters on on-line separation (e.g. filtration, gas diffusion, dialysis, pervaporation, solvent and membrane extraction, and chromatography), as well as on other sample pretreatment techniques, such as digestion. The book also incorporates several chapters on major areas of application of flow analysis in industrial process monitoring (e.g food and beverages, drugs and pharmaceuticals), environmental and agricultural analysis and life sciences. The contributing authors, who include the founders of flow injection analysis, are all leading experts in flow analytical techniques, and their chapters not only provide a critical review of the current state of this area, but also suggest future trends. - Provides a critical review of the current state of and future trends in flow analytical techniques - Offers a comprehensive elucidation of the principles and theoretical basis of flow analysis - Presents important applications in all major areas of chemical analysis, from food products to environmental concerns

Advances In Flow Analysis

Author: Marek Trojanowicz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527318308
Size: 58.15 MB
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This first book to cover different injection techniques not only provides a comprehensive overview of methodologies and instrumentation, it also covers recent advances in flow method analysis, with an appendix listing additional databases, instrumentation and methods on the Internet. A definite must-have for every chemist working in this field.

Flow Analysis With Spectrophotometric And Luminometric Detection

Author: Elias A. G. Zagatto
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123859247
Size: 68.49 MB
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"Flow analysis techniques date to over eighty years ago, but modern analytical flow techniques began in the 1950s with the introduction of segmented flow analysis, followed some two decades later by flow injection analysis. Numerous books have been written over the years on flow analysis in general and flow injection analysis in particular. The most widely used detection systems employ flow cells utilising attenuation or radiation of light. This is the first book to focus on these important detection systems and methods, i.e., spectrophotometry, turbidimetry and nephelometry, and techniques based on fluorescence, chemiluminescence, and bioluminescence. It is intended to be complementary to existing monographs"--Provided by publisher.

Handbook Of Green Analytical Chemistry

Author: Miguel de la Guardia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111994094X
Size: 28.64 MB
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The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for operators and the environment. In recent years there have been significant developments in methodological and technological tools to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement, reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents. The Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the present state and recent developments in green chemical analysis. A series of detailed chapters, written by international specialists in the field, discuss the fundamental principles of green analytical chemistry and present a catalogue of tools for developing environmentally friendly analytical techniques. Topics covered include: Concepts: Fundamental principles, education, laboratory experiments and publication in green analytical chemistry. The Analytical Process: Green sampling techniques and sample preparation, direct analysis of samples, green methods for capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, atomic spectroscopy, solid phase molecular spectroscopy, derivative molecular spectroscopy and electroanalytical methods. Strategies: Energy saving, automation, miniaturization and photocatalytic treatment of laboratory wastes. Fields of Application: Green bioanalytical chemistry, biodiagnostics, environmental analysis and industrial analysis. This advanced handbook is a practical resource for experienced analytical chemists who are interested in implementing green approaches in their work.

Flow Injection Analysis

Author: B. Karlberg
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080875583
Size: 51.89 MB
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This is a practical guide for first-time and experienced users of Flow Injection Analysis (FIA). It gives, not a detailed theoretical analysis, but a ``nuts and bolts'' approach to the description of the technique and how it can be utilized to solve analytical chemical problems. The advantages of flow injection, how, when, why and where it works are all fully explained. Criteria for the choice of hardware and useful hints for maintenance are provided. The large variety of detectors suitable to combine with FIA are discussed, as are special modes of operation, their advantages and their limitations, and also conversion of batch methods to FIA methods. Numerous in-depth descriptions of applications of FIA techniques in water, soil, pharmaceutical and industrial analysis are featured, and a complete bibliography is included. The authors have spent several years demonstrating, lecturing and using FIA and the basic outline of their book closely follows the schedule of the FIA workshops they have taught. It will be an invaluable tool for all chemists who perform analyses on a routine basis.

Flow Injection Analysis

Author: Marek Trojanowicz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814498815
Size: 17.67 MB
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The concept of flow injection analysis (FIA) was introduced in the mid-seventies. It was preceded by the success of segmented flow analysis, mainly in clinical and environmental analysis. This advance, as well as the development of continuous monitors for process control and environmental monitors, ensured the success of the FIA methodology. As an exceptionally effective means of mechanization for various procedures of wet chemical analysis, the FIA methodology, in use with a whole arsenal of detection methods of modern analytical chemistry, proved to be of great interest to many. The fast and intensive development of the FIA methodology was due to several factors essential for routine analytical determinations, such as very limited sample consumption, the short analysis time based on a transient signal measurement in a flow-through detector and an on-line carrying out difficult operations of separation, preconcentration or physicochemical conversion of analytes into detectable species. Twenty-year studies by numerous research groups all over the world have provided significant progress in the theoretical description of dispersion phenomena in FIA and various operations of physicochemical treatment of the analyte. This volume is devoted to the presentation of the current status of development of the instrumentation for FIA and the many fields of its practical applications, based on an extensive bibliography of original research publications. Contents:Molecular Spectroscopy DetectionAtomic Spectroscopy Detection MethodsElectrochemical Detection MethodsEnzymatic Methods of Detection and ImmunoassaysOther Detection Methods Used in FIAOn-Line Sample Processing in FIA SystemsSpeciation Analysis Using Flow Injection MethodologyApplications of Flow Injection Methods in Routine AnalysisSequential and Batch Injection TechniquesCommercially Available Instrumentation for FIACurrent Trends in Developments of Flow Analysis Readership: Chemists and chemical engineers. keywords:Automation of Chemical Analysis;Flow Analysis;Flow Injection Analysis;Environmental Analysis;Chemical Sensors;Biosensors;Process Analysis;Ion Selective Electrodes;Sequential Injection Analysis;Flow Injection Immunoassays “… the book contains much beneficial information. It will certainly prove most helpful as a handbook for practising chemists …” Trends in Analytical Chemistry “It is an excellent tool for anyone who is working in the field and is a meticulous and comprehensive review of flow injection (FI) methodology, including a wide variety of automated reagent-based assays.” Analytical Chemistry “It has been prepared to guide the reader through the evolution of this methodology and to illustrate its impact on chemical analysis in the twenty-five years since its invention.” Trends in Analytical Chemistry

Flow Analysis

Author: Victor Cerda
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444626069
Size: 64.97 MB
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Flow Analysis: A Practical Guide reviews flow techniques for automating chemical analysis with the goal of increasing efficiency and producing better analytical results. Various applications for flow techniques are reviewed including industrial process monitoring (for example, foods and beverages, drugs and pharmaceuticals); as well as agricultural, life science, radioactivity, and environmental analysis with an emphasis on the latter. This book is a valuable resource for young scientists or graduate-level students who want to learn how to introduce flow techniques into their experiments, and for experts who need specific and technical details to develop complete experimental systems. Includes descriptions of the theoretical and technical bases of the most important flow techniques Focuses on new trends in the field such as using flow techniques for radioactivity and environmental applications Features instructions for coupling different types of detectors online with flow systems

Spectrochemical Trace Analysis For Metals And Metalloids

Author: R. Lobinski
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444828798
Size: 49.85 MB
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Analytical methods, that combine a chemical sample treatment step with a spectrometric technique, applied to the determination of metals and metalloids at trace and ultratrace levels are discussed in this book. A thorough critical survey of the literature for the period 1985-1994 gives references to source articles always readily available in peer reviewed journals. The book comprises three parts. Part I discusses general aspects of successive steps of an analytical procedure from sampling and sample decomposition, through separation and preconcentration to spectrometric determination. Flow injection analysis, hyphenated techniques and speciation are included. Accuracy in trace analysis, sources of errors and the role of CRMs are also covered. Part II is devoted to practical aspects of sample handling and multielement trace analyses of environmental, geological, clinical, and industrial materials. Each chapter contains several tables summarizing procedures for multielement analysis of real samples and certified reference materials available for method validation. Part III contains 54 alphabetically arranged monographic reviews on spectrochemical trace analysis for individual elements. Each chapter gives basic information on analytico-chemical properties of the element which is followed by an overview of methods for its separation, preconcentration, and instrumental detection. Particular attention is given to practical issues, difficulties and quality assurance during the analysis of real samples. Each chapter contains tables summarizing the key steps of the procedures developed for the trace element determination and the detection characteristics reported.

Handbook Of Membrane Separations

Author: Anil K. Pabby
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466555580
Size: 76.10 MB
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane applications in the chemical, food, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology industries as well as in the treatment of toxic industrial effluents. This revised second edition has been updated and expanded with discussions of new membrane products and processes and novel applications in engineering, life sciences, and energy conversion. It also includes new chapters in the field of membrane science and technology covering recent advances in RO and UF, ionic liquids, nanotechnology, roles of membrane in power generation, updates on fuel cells, new membrane extraction configuration, and other important topics. The handbook is equally suited for the newcomer to the field as it is for process engineers and research scientists (membranologists/membrane experts) who are interested in obtaining more advanced information about specific applications. It provides readers with a comprehensive and well-balanced overview of the present state of membrane science and technology.