Action Theory

Author: Ladislav Valach
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275970864
Size: 60.13 MB
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Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.

Handbook Of Qualitative Health Research For Evidence Based Practice

Author: Karin Olson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493929208
Size: 25.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This progressive reference redefines qualitative research as a crucial component of evidence-based practice and assesses its current and future impact on healthcare. Its introductory section explains the value of sociocultural context in case conceptualization, and ways this evidence can be integrated with quantitative findings to inform and transform practice. The bulk of the book's chapters review qualitative research in diverse areas, including pain, trauma, heart disease, COPD, and disabling conditions, and examine ways of effectively evaluating and applying qualitative data. This seismic shift in perception moves the healing professions away from traditional one-size-fits-all thinking and toward responsive, patient-centered care. Among the topics in the Handbook: ·Examining qualitative alternatives to categorical representation. ·The World Health Organization model of health: what evidence is needed? ·Qualitative research in mental health and mental illness. ·Qualitative evidence in pediatrics. ·The contribution of qualitative research to medication adherence. ·Qualitative evidence in health policy analysis. The Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice offers health and clinical psychologists, rehabilitation specialists, occupational and physical therapists, nurses, family physicians and other primary care providers new ways for understanding patients' health-related experiences and opens up new ways for developing interventions intended to improve health outcomes.

Career Choice And Development

Author: Duane Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780787966522
Size: 32.61 MB
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The fourth edition of Career Choice and Development brings together the most current ideas of the recognized authorities in the field of career development. This classic best-seller has been thoroughly revised and expanded to include the most influential theories of career choice and development, and it contains up-to-date information regarding the application of these theories to counseling practice. This edition contains a wide range of career development theories that explore how people develop certain traits, personalities, self-precepts, and how these developments influence career decision making. This information will challenge teachers, researchers, and those involved in fostering career development to reexamine their assumptions and practices.

Toward A Global Psychology

Author: Michael J. Stevens
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135603847
Size: 55.67 MB
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Toward a Global Psychology defines the emerging field of international psychology. It provides an overview of the conceptual models, research methodologies, interventions, and pedagogical approaches that are most appropriate to transnational settings. In so doing, the book provides readers with a rich appreciation of how to approach a global psychology as researchers, practitioners, and students. The book's thorough review of the existing literature on international psychology from around the world provides the knowledge needed to successfully engage in the science and practice of psychology in an increasingly globalized society. Arranged into four parts, the book discusses topics including: *the specialty of international psychology; *global perspectives on the history of psychology, current trends in psychology worldwide, problems and issues confronting psychologists in non-Western and developing regions, and the movement toward indigenizing psychology; *guidelines for those involved in scientific and professional psychology around the world; *descriptions of therapeutic and macro-level interventions conducted in non-Western settings; and *predictions about the future of international psychology. Case examples are integrated throughout to further highlight key concerns and challenges faced by global psychologists. Each chapter also includes a list of suggested readings. Toward a Global Psychology is ideal for both researchers and students interested in a global psychology and for advanced courses on international or cross-cultural psychology. The book's appendix features a sample syllabus for a course on global psychology.

Cognition And Action In Skilled Behaviour

Author: A.M. Colley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080867090
Size: 76.97 MB
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This book contains a number of chapters on the control and execution of skilled movements, as well as more general chapters on theoretical issues in skilled performance. The contributors have summarised their most recent research, and general themes and issues are presented in discussion chapters at the end of each section, thus providing a good general summary of the kind of research and theoretical frameworks developing in this area. The first section is concerned with the theoretical issues of programming and co-ordination. Issues raised in the second section are basic to much of the research reviewed in the volume. This section summarises the various theoretical positions in the recent debates on the role of cognitive processes in motor control and the usefulness of the ``psychomotor'' approach, and contains chapters based on individual papers which present relevant empirical findings. The third section deals with the learning and performance of skilled movements, containing papers with practical implications for everyday skills. The final section contains chapters on cognitive processes in skilled performance.

Mathematical Perspectives On Neural Networks

Author: Paul Smolensky
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805812015
Size: 56.11 MB
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Recent years have seen an explosion of new mathematical results on learning and processing in neural networks. This body of results rests on a breadth of mathematical background which even few specialists possess. In a format intermediate between a textbook and a collection of research articles, this book has been assembled to present a sample of these results, and to fill in the necessary background, in such areas as computability theory, computational complexity theory, the theory of analog computation, stochastic processes, dynamical systems, control theory, time-series analysis, Bayesian analysis, regularization theory, information theory, computational learning theory, and mathematical statistics. Mathematical models of neural networks display an amazing richness and diversity. Neural networks can be formally modeled as computational systems, as physical or dynamical systems, and as statistical analyzers. Within each of these three broad perspectives, there are a number of particular approaches. For each of 16 particular mathematical perspectives on neural networks, the contributing authors provide introductions to the background mathematics, and address questions such as: * Exactly what mathematical systems are used to model neural networks from the given perspective? * What formal questions about neural networks can then be addressed? * What are typical results that can be obtained? and * What are the outstanding open problems? A distinctive feature of this volume is that for each perspective presented in one of the contributed chapters, the first editor has provided a moderately detailed summary of the formal results and the requisite mathematical concepts. These summaries are presented in four chapters that tie together the 16 contributed chapters: three develop a coherent view of the three general perspectives -- computational, dynamical, and statistical; the other assembles these three perspectives into a unified overview of the neural networks field.