A Revolution In Economic Theory

Author: Ajit Sinha
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319306162
Size: 52.67 MB
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This book draws on the work of one of the sharpest minds of the 20th century, Piero Sraffa. Ludwig Wittgenstein credited him for 'the most consequential ideas' of the Philosophical Investigations (1953) and put him high on his short list of geniuses. Sraffa's revolutionary contribution to economics was, however, lost to the world because economists did not pay attention to the philosophical underpinnings of his economics. Based on exhaustive archival research, Sinha presents an exciting new thesis that shows how Sraffa challenged the usual mode of theorizing in terms of essential and mechanical causation and, instead, argued for a descriptive or geometrical theory based on simultaneous relations. A consequence of this approach was a complete removal of 'agent's subjectivity' and 'marginal method' or counterfactual reasoning from economic analysis – the two fundamental pillars of orthodox economic theory.

A Revolution In Economic Theory

Author: Ajit Sinha
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9783319306155
Size: 77.47 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4546
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This book draws on the work of one of the sharpest minds of the 20th century, Piero Sraffa. Ludwig Wittgenstein credited him for 'the most consequential ideas' of the Philosophical Investigations (1953) and put him high on his short list of geniuses. Sraffa's revolutionary contribution to economics was, however, lost to the world because economists did not pay attention to the philosophical underpinnings of his economics. Based on exhaustive archival research, Sinha presents an exciting new thesis that shows how Sraffa challenged the usual mode of theorizing in terms of essential and mechanical causation and, instead, argued for a descriptive or geometrical theory based on simultaneous relations. A consequence of this approach was a complete removal of 'agent's subjectivity' and 'marginal method' or counterfactual reasoning from economic analysis – the two fundamental pillars of orthodox economic theory.

Theories Of Value From Adam Smith To Piero Sraffa

Author: Ajit Sinha
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0429807716
Size: 77.16 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive account of more than 200 years of controversy on the classical theories of value and distribution. The author focuses on four, perhaps most critical classics — Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations, David Ricardo’s Principles of Political Economy, Karl Marx’s Capital and Piero Sraffa’s Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities. The book highlights several significant differences in the widely celebrated theories of the four authors as it searches for the ‘classical standpoint’ that separates them from the ‘moderns’. It also challenges canonical interpretations to analyse their flaws and weaknesses, in addition to the already obvious strengths, and critically engages with the major alternative interpretations and criticisms of the theories. With a new Afterword that follows up on the debates and developments since the first edition, this book will appeal to scholars and academics of economic theory and philosophy, as well as to the general reader.

The Cambridge Revival Of Political Economy

Author: Nuno Ornelas Martins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134666497
Size: 21.55 MB
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The marginalist revolution of the late nineteenth century consolidated what Karl Marx and Piero Sraffa called ‘vulgar economy’, bringing with it an emphasis on a scarcity theory that replaced the classical surplus theory. However, the classical political economy of Adam Smith and David Ricardo has been revived within the Cambridge economic tradition. This book looks at how different branches of the Cambridge economic tradition have focused on various aspects of this revival over time. The author shows that classical political economy is distinct from vulgar political economy in terms of its economic, social, and ethical theory, with each difference resting on an issue of ontology. Structured in three parts, the book examines the central contested aspects of these theories, namely the nature of value, the relationship between human beings and social structure, and the nature of human wellbeing. The Cambridge Revival of Political Economy will be relevant to students and researchers within the fields of political economy, history of economic thought, politics and philosophy.

Contributions To Modern Economics

Author: Joan Robinson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483263231
Size: 63.67 MB
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Contributions to Modern Economics includes contributions to two great intellectual upheavals in economic theory: the Keynesian Revolution and the revival of the classical theory of profits led by Piero Sraffa. The formation of prices in capitalist and socialist economies and of international trade is also discussed. The evolution of these ideas is linked to the personal and historical events that influenced them. Comprised of 24 chapters, this book begins by describing the second crisis of economic theory, which is related to the first crisis — the great slump of the 1930s. The reader is then introduced to the theory of money and the analysis of output; obstacles to full employment; and the concept of hoarding. Subsequent chapters explore capital, profits, and prices, with emphasis on the theory of capital, imperfect competition, and the theory of value. International trade, capitalism, and beggar-my-neighbor remedies for unemployment are also examined. This monograph should be of interest to economists.

The Wealth Of Ideas

Author: Alessandro Roncaglia
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521843379
Size: 59.99 MB
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This 2005 book traces the history of economic thought from its prehistory to the present day.

Keynes And The Cambridge Keynesians

Author: Luigi L. Pasinetti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521872278
Size: 12.93 MB
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Keynes and the Cambridge Keynesians traces the historical development of Keynesian economics.

The Keynesian Tradition

Author: R. Leeson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230582028
Size: 35.42 MB
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This volume examines the process by which Keynes' message got interpreted and re-interpreted and thus separated into a Left and a Right political-economic stream. Archival evidence is used to shed a fresh light on many of the controversies (and colourful characters) of the Keynesian tradition.