A Course On Mathematical Logic

Author: Shashi Mohan Srivastava
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461457467
Size: 28.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4937
This is a short, modern, and motivated introduction to mathematical logic for upper undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics and computer science. Any mathematician who is interested in getting acquainted with logic and would like to learn Gödel’s incompleteness theorems should find this book particularly useful. The treatment is thoroughly mathematical and prepares students to branch out in several areas of mathematics related to foundations and computability, such as logic, axiomatic set theory, model theory, recursion theory, and computability. In this new edition, many small and large changes have been made throughout the text. The main purpose of this new edition is to provide a healthy first introduction to model theory, which is a very important branch of logic. Topics in the new chapter include ultraproduct of models, elimination of quantifiers, types, applications of types to model theory, and applications to algebra, number theory and geometry. Some proofs, such as the proof of the very important completeness theorem, have been completely rewritten in a more clear and concise manner. The new edition also introduces new topics, such as the notion of elementary class of structures, elementary diagrams, partial elementary maps, homogeneous structures, definability, and many more.

A Course In Model Theory

Author: Bruno Poizat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441986227
Size: 17.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4007
Translated from the French, this book is an introduction to first-order model theory. Starting from scratch, it quickly reaches the essentials, namely, the back-and-forth method and compactness, which are illustrated with examples taken from algebra. It also introduces logic via the study of the models of arithmetic, and it gives complete but accessible exposition of stability theory.

A Concise Introduction To Mathematical Logic

Author: Wolfgang Rautenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387342419
Size: 78.72 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1921
While there are already several well known textbooks on mathematical logic this book is unique in treating the material in a concise and streamlined fashion. This allows many important topics to be covered in a one semester course. Although the book is intended for use as a graduate text the first three chapters can be understood by undergraduates interested in mathematical logic. The remaining chapters contain material on logic programming for computer scientists, model theory, recursion theory, Godel’s Incompleteness Theorems, and applications of mathematical logic. Philosophical and foundational problems of mathematics are discussed throughout the text.

Mathematical Logic And Model Theory

Author: Alexander Prestel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447121767
Size: 65.24 MB
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Mathematical Logic and Model Theory: A Brief Introduction offers a streamlined yet easy-to-read introduction to mathematical logic and basic model theory. It presents, in a self-contained manner, the essential aspects of model theory needed to understand model theoretic algebra. As a profound application of model theory in algebra, the last part of this book develops a complete proof of Ax and Kochen's work on Artin's conjecture about Diophantine properties of p-adic number fields. The character of model theoretic constructions and results differ quite significantly from that commonly found in algebra, by the treatment of formulae as mathematical objects. It is therefore indispensable to first become familiar with the problems and methods of mathematical logic. Therefore, the text is divided into three parts: an introduction into mathematical logic (Chapter 1), model theory (Chapters 2 and 3), and the model theoretic treatment of several algebraic theories (Chapter 4). This book will be of interest to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying model theory and its applications to algebra. It may also be used for self-study.

First Course In Mathematical Logic

Author: Patrick Suppes
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486422596
Size: 31.54 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7584
Starting with symbolizing sentences and sentential connectives, this work proceeds to the rules of logical inference and sentential derivation, examines the concepts of truth and validity, and presents a series of truth tables. Subsequent topics include terms, predicates, and universal quantifiers; universal specification and laws of identity; axioms for addition; and universal generalization. 1964 edition. Index.

Logic And Structure

Author: Dirk van Dalen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662029626
Size: 34.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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New corrected printing of a well-established text on logic at the introductory level.

Discrete Mathematics

Author: Jean Gallier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441980472
Size: 38.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5273
This books gives an introduction to discrete mathematics for beginning undergraduates. One of original features of this book is that it begins with a presentation of the rules of logic as used in mathematics. Many examples of formal and informal proofs are given. With this logical framework firmly in place, the book describes the major axioms of set theory and introduces the natural numbers. The rest of the book is more standard. It deals with functions and relations, directed and undirected graphs, and an introduction to combinatorics. There is a section on public key cryptography and RSA, with complete proofs of Fermat's little theorem and the correctness of the RSA scheme, as well as explicit algorithms to perform modular arithmetic. The last chapter provides more graph theory. Eulerian and Hamiltonian cycles are discussed. Then, we study flows and tensions and state and prove the max flow min-cut theorem. We also discuss matchings, covering, bipartite graphs.

An Introduction To Mathematical Logic And Type Theory

Author: Peter B. Andrews
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401599343
Size: 62.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In case you are considering to adopt this book for courses with over 50 students, please contact [email protected] for more information. This introduction to mathematical logic starts with propositional calculus and first-order logic. Topics covered include syntax, semantics, soundness, completeness, independence, normal forms, vertical paths through negation normal formulas, compactness, Smullyan's Unifying Principle, natural deduction, cut-elimination, semantic tableaux, Skolemization, Herbrand's Theorem, unification, duality, interpolation, and definability. The last three chapters of the book provide an introduction to type theory (higher-order logic). It is shown how various mathematical concepts can be formalized in this very expressive formal language. This expressive notation facilitates proofs of the classical incompleteness and undecidability theorems which are very elegant and easy to understand. The discussion of semantics makes clear the important distinction between standard and nonstandard models which is so important in understanding puzzling phenomena such as the incompleteness theorems and Skolem's Paradox about countable models of set theory. Some of the numerous exercises require giving formal proofs. A computer program called ETPS which is available from the web facilitates doing and checking such exercises. Audience: This volume will be of interest to mathematicians, computer scientists, and philosophers in universities, as well as to computer scientists in industry who wish to use higher-order logic for hardware and software specification and verification.

A Course In Mathematical Logic

Author: John Lane Bell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080934749
Size: 31.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2613
A comprehensive one-year graduate (or advanced undergraduate) course in mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. No previous knowledge of logic is required; the book is suitable for self-study. Many exercises (with hints) are included.