2016 Washington State Adult Sentencing Guidelines Manual

Author: Washington State
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781541236745
Size: 79.78 MB
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The 2016 Washington State Adult Sentencing Guidelines Manual provides comprehensive information for criminal justice practitioners, public officials and citizens on adult felony sentencing in the state of Washington. This manual offers specific guidance on how to determine the appropriate standard sentence range for an offense by identifying the seriousness level of the offense and by "scoring" the offender's criminal history. This manual also addresses reviews, modifications and discharges of sentences, as well as vacating conviction records.

2016 Washington State Juvenile Disposition Guidelines Manual

Author: Washington State
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781974033836
Size: 68.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The 2016 Washington State Juvenile Disposition Guidelines Manual provides comprehensive information for criminal justice practitioners, public officials and citizens on juvenile offender sentencing in the state of Washington. This manual offers specific guidance on how to determine the appropriate standard sentence range for an offense by identifying the "offense category" of the offense and by "scoring" the offender's criminal history.

Introduction To Criminal Justice

Author: Kenneth J. Peak
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506391818
Size: 12.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A practical and applied introduction to criminal justice Introduction to Criminal Justice: Practice and Process shows you how to think practically about the criminal justice system by offering you a proven, problem-based approach to learning. Bestselling authors Kenneth J. Peak and Tamara D. Madensen draw on their many years of combined practitioner and academic experience to explain the importance of criminal justice and show how key trends, emerging issues, historical background, and practical lessons can be applied in the field. New to the Third Edition: An emphasis on constitutional policing, legitimacy, and procedural justice stresses the importance for police to develop a “guardian” mindset over a “soldier” mindset. New discussions of contemporary criminological theories—such as social structure theories, social process theories, social conflict theories, feminist theories, and environmental criminology theories—provide you with a concise explanation on why people commit crimes and how to prevent them in the modern world. An in-depth view of three particularly challenging problems and policy issues—terrorism, the mentally ill population, and illegal immigration—demonstrate how today’s society and the criminal justice system are affected by these issues and what can be done to address the problems. New examples and case studies of ethical dilemmas illustrate today's climate of distrust, dissension, and dysfunction to encourage you to think critically about what is considered “ethical”. New video interviews with criminal justice professionals offer you career advice, provide you with insights into a variety of career paths, and discuss challenges and misconceptions of each profession.

A Pound Of Flesh

Author: Alexes Harris
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610448553
Size: 15.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Over seven million Americans are either incarcerated, on probation, or on parole, with their criminal records often following them for life and affecting access to higher education, jobs, and housing. Court-ordered monetary sanctions that compel criminal defendants to pay fines, fees, surcharges, and restitution further inhibit their ability to reenter society. In A Pound of Flesh, sociologist Alexes Harris analyzes the rise of monetary sanctions in the criminal justice system and shows how they permanently penalize and marginalize the poor. She exposes the damaging effects of a little-understood component of criminal sentencing and shows how it further perpetuates racial and economic inequality. Harris draws from extensive sentencing data, legal documents, observations of court hearings, and interviews with defendants, judges, prosecutors, and other court officials. She documents how low-income defendants are affected by monetary sanctions, which include fees for public defenders and a variety of processing charges. Until these debts are paid in full, individuals remain under judicial supervision, subject to court summons, warrants, and jail stays. As a result of interest and surcharges that accumulate on unpaid financial penalties, these monetary sanctions often become insurmountable legal debts which many offenders carry for the remainder of their lives. Harris finds that such fiscal sentences, which are imposed disproportionately on low-income minorities, help create a permanent economic underclass and deepen social stratification. A Pound of Flesh delves into the court practices of five counties in Washington State to illustrate the ways in which subjective sentencing shapes the practice of monetary sanctions. Judges and court clerks hold a considerable degree of discretion in the sentencing and monitoring of monetary sanctions and rely on individual values—such as personal responsibility, meritocracy, and paternalism—to determine how much and when offenders should pay. Harris shows that monetary sanctions are imposed at different rates across jurisdictions, with little or no state government oversight. Local officials’ reliance on their own values and beliefs can also push offenders further into debt—for example, when judges charge defendants who lack the means to pay their fines with contempt of court and penalize them with additional fines or jail time. A Pound of Flesh provides a timely examination of how monetary sanctions permanently bind poor offenders to the judicial system. Harris concludes that in letting monetary sanctions go unchecked, we have created a two-tiered legal system that imposes additional burdens on already-marginalized groups.

Law In Social Work Practice

Author: Andrea Saltzman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305686314
Size: 36.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Written by an author team educated in both the law and social work, this book acquaints readers with major state and federal laws, regulations, and court opinions that directly affect social work practice. LAW IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE, 3rd Edition helps readers understand how to work within the legal system to benefit clients and further client interests, recognize certain client problems as legal, and work effectively with lawyers, as well as how the law shapes and restricts clients' actions. It also addresses how the law regulates social work practice, and how to recognize and respect the rights of clients and others affected by a practitioner's actions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

America S Courts And The Criminal Justice System

Author: David W. Neubauer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337557897
Size: 23.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The premier choice for Courts courses for decades, this popular text offers a comprehensive explanation of the courts and the criminal justice system, presented in a streamlined, straightforward manner that appeals to instructors and students alike. Neubauer and Fradella's crisp and clear writing, characterized by the organization of material into brief sections within chapters, ensures that readers gain a firm handle on the material. At the same time, the text's innovative courtroom workhouse model -- which focuses on the interrelationships among the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney -- brings the courtroom to life. AMERICA'S COURTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM has long been known for the way it gives students an accurate glimpse of what it is like to work within the American criminal justice system, and the thirteenth edition is no exception. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Women And Children As Victims And Offenders Background Prevention Reintegration

Author: Helmut Kury
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331928424X
Size: 34.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This work compiles experiences and lessons learned in meeting the unique needs of women and children regarding crime prevention and criminal justice, in particular the treatment and social reintegration of offenders and serves as a cross-disciplinary work for academic and policy-making analyses and follow-up in developing and developed countries. Furthermore, it argues for a more humane and effective approach to countering delinquency and crime among future generations. In a world where development positively depends on the rule of law and the related investment security, two global trends may chart the course of development: urbanization and education. Urbanization will globalize the concepts of “justice” and “fairness”; education will be dominated by the urban mindset and digital service economy, just as a culture of lawfulness will. This work looks at crime prevention education as an investment in the sustainable quality of life of succeeding generations, and at those who pursue such crime prevention as the providers of much-needed skills in the educational portfolio. Adopting a reformist approach, this work collects articles with findings and recommendations that may be relevant to domestic and international policymaking, including the United Nations Studies and their educational value for the welfare of coming generations. The books address the relevant United Nations ideas by combining them with academic approaches. Guided by the Editors’ respective fields of expertise, and in full recognition of academic freedom and “organized scepticism”, it includes contributions by lawyers, criminologists, sociologists and other eminent experts seeking to bridge the gap between academic and policy perspectives, as appropriate, against the international background, including the United Nations developments.​ The second volume opens with Part IV, which presents articles on different kinds of crime prevention. The effectiveness of punishment and, in particular, imprisonment is examined by contrasting it with alternative sanctions and the following questions are raised: Does harsh punishment have a crime preventive effect? What are the side effects of imprisonment on the offenders and their families? Are alternatives, such as restorative justice or mediation, more effective and cheaper? Part V outlines proactive strategies of crime prevention, e.g. for potential sex offenders or in the domain of internet crime. Part VI envisions a more peaceful and inclusive society, which would be realized by improving the protection of women and children in their everyday life, and easing the reintegration of those who have become offenders. The importance of the role played by the UN in formulating these goals is underlined. The volume concludes with an epilogue of the 70th President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, Martin Sajdik, and a post scriptum of the editors. p>

Evaluating Juvenile Transfer And Disposition

Author: Kirk Heilbrun
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317340124
Size: 50.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Focusing on juvenile transfer and disposition evaluations, this volume provides an up-to-date integration of current law, science, and practice with respect to juvenile risk assessment, treatment needs/amenability, and sophistication-maturity. Included are perspectives relating to international practices, use of specialized assessment tools, and a separate chapter on resentencing following US Supreme Court decisions on juveniles sentenced to mandatory life without parole. This text will be a useful and comprehensive reference for forensic psychologists and other mental health professionals engaged in juvenile evaluation, as well as legal professionals, juvenile and criminal justice professionals, and others involved with juvenile assessment, decision-making, and rehabilitation.

Author: Ian Rankin
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180309620
Size: 27.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Με τα χέρια στις τσέπες, ο Ρέμπους γύρισε για να αντικρίσει τον Κάφερτι. Ήταν γέροι πια, παρόμοια κοψιά, παρόμοια καταγωγή. Εάν κάθονταν μαζί σε μια παμπ, μπορεί κάποιος τυχαίος παρατηρητής να τους περνούσε για φίλους που γνωρίζονταν από το σχολείο. Το παρελθόν τους, όμως, έλεγε μια διαφορετική ιστορία. Η αποστρατεία δεν ταιριάζει στον Τζον Ρέμπους. Δεν είναι φτιαγμένος για χόμπι και διακοπές. Η δουλειά του αστυνομικού κυλάει στις φλέβες του. Έτσι, όταν η επιθεωρήτρια Σιβόν Κλαρκ ζητά τη βοήθειά του σε μια υπόθεση, δεν του παίρνει πολύ χρόνο να αποφασίσει. Η Κλαρκ ερευνά τον θάνατο ενός μεγαλοδικηγόρου, το πτώμα του οποίου βρέθηκε μαζί με ένα απειλητικό σημείωμα. Στην άλλη πλευρά του Εδιμβούργου, ο Μπιγκ Τζερ Κάφερτι –η νέμεση του Ρέμπους από τα παλιά– έχει λάβει ένα πανομοιότυπο σημείωμα και μία σφαίρα μέσα από το τζάμι του παραθύρου του. Τώρα, εξαρτάται από την Κλαρκ και τον Ρέμπους να ενώσουν τις κουκκίδες και να σταματήσουν τον δολοφόνο. Στο μεταξύ, ο επιθεωρητής Μάλκολμ Φοξ ενώνει τις δυνάμεις του με μια μυστική ομάδα από τη Γλασκώβη που παρακολουθεί μια διαβόητη φαμίλια του υποκόσμου. Κάτι θέλουν και δεν θα σταματήσουν πουθενά μέχρι να το αποκτήσουν… Ο Ian Rankin επαναφέρει τους σπουδαιότερους χαρακτήρες του σε μια ιστορία που διερευνά τις πιο σκοτεινές γωνιές των ενστίκτων και των επιθυμιών μας.

Author: Tana French
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180309752
Size: 46.90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ο αστυνόμος Στίβεν Μόραν περίμενε καιρό να του δοθεί η ευκαιρία να περάσει το κατώφλι του Τμήματος Ανθρωποκτονιών του Δουβλίνου και η επιθυμία του γίνεται πραγματικότητα όταν ένα πρωί η δεκαεξάχρονη Χόλι Μακέι τού φέρνει αυτή τη φωτογραφία. Τη βρήκε αναρτημένη στον Τόπο των Μυστικών, έναν πίνακα όπου τα κορίτσια του ιδιωτικού σχολείου Σεντ Κίλντα μπορούν να αναρτήσουν ανώνυμα τα μυστικά τους. Συνήθως πρόκειται για κουτσομπολιά και κακεντρεχή σχόλια, αλλά σήμερα κάποιος τον χρησιμοποίησε για να πυροδοτήσει εκ νέου την έρευνα για τη δολοφονία του όμορφου και δημοφιλούς Κρις Χάρπερ. Ο Στίβεν θα ενώσει τις δυνάμεις του με τη σκληροτράχηλη αστυνόμο Αντουανέτ Κόνγουεϊ για να βρει τη λύση. Όλα τα στοιχεία οδηγούν τους δύο ντετέκτιβ στην κλίκα της Χόλι και στην κλίκα των αντίζηλών τους καθώς και σε έναν περίπλοκο ιστό σχέσεων και μυστικών που δένουν όλα αυτά τα κορίτσια με τον νεκρό Κρις Χάρπερ. Σε κάθε τους βήμα η πίεση αυξάνεται. Ο κόσμος των έφηβων αυτών κοριτσιών θα αποδειχθεί πολύ πιο επικίνδυνος απ’ ό,τι είχαν ποτέ φανταστεί οι δύο αστυνομικοί…